The Knife Lake Project consists of 82 claims totaling 56,865 hectares (140,516 acres)
The Knife Lake Project area is an advanced-stage copper, silver, zinc and cobalt exploration property in Saskatchewan; extensive exploration was completed from the late 1960’s to the 1990’s, with the last documented work program completed by previous operators in 2001
Rockridge completed the first work program in the last ~20 years in 2019, with highlight results including 2.03% Cu, 9.88 g/t Ag, 0.19 g/t Au, 0.36% Zn, and 0.01% Co (2.42% CuEq) over 37.6m beginning at 11.2m in hole KF19003
Deposit is a remobilized portion of a presumably larger “primary” VMS deposit; most of the historical work has consisted of shallow drilling at the deposit area with little regional work carried out and limited deeper drilling below the deposit
Over 300 holes provided data for the first NI 43-101 resource estimate of the shallow Knife Lake deposit
Knife Lake NI 43-101 resource estimate provides excellent anchor for Project:
Ind. resources: 3.8 MT @ 1.02% Cu Eq.
Or 3.8 MT @ 0.83% Cu, 3.7 gpt Ag, 0.097 gpt Au, 82 ppm Co,1740.7 ppm Zn.
Inf. resources: 7.9 MT @ 0.67% Cu Eq.
Or 7.9 MT @ 0.53% Cu, 2.4 gpt Ag, 0.084 gpt Au, 53.1 ppm Co, 1454.9 ppm Zn.
Rockridge recently completed the 2021 drill program that was expanded to 2,043.0 metres and consisted of twelve drill holes
Infill drilling was conducted and returned highlight intercept from hole KF21021: 1.95% Cu, 0.11 g/t Au, 7.41 g/t Ag, 0.53% Zn and 0.02% Co (2.34% CuEq) over 14.02m beginning at 24.62m
Most of the drill program targeted the Gilbert Lake area located ~5-6 km west of the Knife Lake Deposit and consists of a prospective 15km long trend
Highlight drill intercepts at the Gilbert South Target area include pyrrhotite-pyrite dominant VMS-style mineralization hosted at the same stratigraphic horizon as the Knife Lake Deposit
There is strong discovery potential in and around the deposit as well as at regional targets on the Property; modern exploration techniques and methods are being utilized with the goal of making new discoveries
The summer 2021 geophysical program consisted of a helicopter-borne electromagnetic (EM) and horizontal magnetic gradiometer geophysical survey utilizing Geotech Ltd.’s VTEM Plus System
The 610-line kilometer survey covered highly prospective VMS stratigraphy in the Gilbert Lake target area
Data from the survey has been interpreted and any potential conductors will be prioritized for geophysical modelling, leading to a diamond drilling program
Drill targeting for the fully funded 2022 diamond drill program is currently underway and management is assessing high priority targets that include additional drill testing in the Gilbert South Area
Recent exploration work has been completed which will help Rockridge to commence another diamond-drilling program to follow up on historical results and test new targets
Using the results and interpretation from the Fall and Winter 2021 field programs, as well as the 2021 drill program, the upcoming program will target the Gilbert West and Gilbert South zones in addition to continued infill and expansion drilling at the deposit
The Knife Lake Project is interpreted to be a remobilized VMS deposit. The stratabound mineralized zone is approximately 15 m thick and contains copper, silver, zinc and cobalt mineralization which dips 30° to 45° eastward over a strike-length of ~4,000 m, with an average horizontal width of approximately 300 m. Over 400 diamond drill-holes have been completed in and around the current property boundaries, with much of the drill core stored undercover and in very good condition.
1968: Knife Lake mineralization discovered by Straus Exploration 130km NNW of Flin Flon
1968-1972: Extensive drilling completed totaling 87 holes (8,484m), mining lease established
1989: CopperQuest formed, completes extensive geophysics, plans 24 holes
1996: Leader Mining acquires leases from CopperQuest and completes positive preliminary metallurgical work
1996-1998: Leader Mining completes delineation drilling: 317 holes completed (30,866m)
1997: Leader publishes non-NI 43-101 geological resource estimate for the Knife Lake Deposit
1999-2002: Metal prices collapse, and exploration budgets are cut during bear mining market
2003: Leader Mining issued Cease Trade Order which remained in place for over 3 years
2009: Ursa Major International acquires Knife Lake lease and surrounding claims
2010-2014: Ursa Major International name change to Minnova Gold and focuses on gold projects; very little exploration carried out on Knife Lake Project
2017: Knife Lake mining lease lapses and the area becomes open for staking
2018: Eagle Plains, a prospect generator, stakes area of expired lease and acquires additional tenure as well as access to existing drill-core; seeks to farm out the property as part of business model
2018-2019: Eagle Plains and Rockridge enter into an option to acquire 100% interest of large, 31,689 ha, property package and TerraLogic contracted to carry out the exploration programs going forward
2019: Rockridge completes inaugural drill program, publishes first NI 43-101 resource estimate for the deposit at the project
2021: Rockridge Resources completes a helicopter-borne electromagnetic (EM) and horizontal magnetic gradiometer geophysical survey and conducts 2,043 metre diamond drill program with highlight holes:
KF21022 returned 0.73% Cu, 0.06 g/t Au, 2.98 g/t Ag, 0.15% Zn and 0.01% Co (0.88% CuEq) over 21.11m starting at 27.39m
KF21021 returned 1.95% Cu, 0.11 g/t Au, 7.41 g/t Ag, 0.53% Zn and 0.02% Co (2.34% CuEq) over 14.02m starting at 24.62m
2022: Rockridge receives results from a field program completed in October of last year, where a total of 29 samples were submitted for assay, 26 samples from regional targets and 3 confirmation samples from historic trenches at the Knife Lake Deposit
The Company announces plans for an upcoming Summer 2022 drill program at the Knife Lake Copper Project, targeting the Gilbert West and Gilbert South zones in addition to continued infill and expansion drilling at the deposit
The Knife Lake deposit is hosted by felsic to intermediate volcanic and volcaniclastic rocks which have been metamorphosed to upper amphibolite facies. The deposit is typical of VMS mineralogy which has been significantly modified and partially remobilized during the emplacement of granitic rocks. The mineralization straddles the boundary between two rock units and occurs on both limbs of an overturned fold.
The Knife Lake area saw extensive exploration from the late 1960’s to the 1990’s with the last documented work program completed in 2001. Drilling has outlined a series of stratabound mineralized lenses which are controlled by complex geological structures. In the copper mineralized zone, significant thickening of the mineralization occurs near the central portion of the deposit. Sulphides and rare native copper are visible in outcrop. Massive sulphides consist of 25% to 60% pyrrhotite and 0.2% to 10% chalcopyrite mineralization. Pyrite is present as irregular disseminations and masses. Locally, up to 8% sphalerite (zinc mineralization) is present.
|Table 1- Significant Historical Drill Intercepts-Knife Lake Project prior to recent program*|
|Hole ID||Width (m)||From (m)||To (m)||Cu (%)||Au (ppb)||Ag (ppm)||Co (ppm)||Zn (ppm)|
* Intercepts in the above table refer to an actual drilled thickness in metres and may not represent the true thickness of the intercept
The first documented work in the Knife Lake showing area occurred between 1969-1973, consisting of ground and airborne geophysical surveys and extensive soil geochemical sampling. The discovery drill-hole, collared in September 1969, returned 2.37% Cu over 4.48 m from 19.96-24.44 m, including 3.5% Cu over 2.5 m from 20.27-22.77 m. A total of 96 diamond drill holes (8,232 m) were completed between 1969-1971 and in 1973 Straus Exploration announced a maiden resource on the Knife Lake Deposit.
Hudson Bay Exploration and Development Company Ltd. later carried out a regional Airborne EM geophysical survey in the Knife Lake – Scimitar Lake area followed up by geological mapping, prospecting, ground geophysics, and diamond drilling. The property was subsequently optioned to Copperquest Incorporated in 1989, who carried out further geophysical and geochemical surveys and optioned the property to Leader Mining International in 1996. Between 1996 and 2001, Leader flew various airborne geophysical surveys in the area, including electromagnetic (“EM”), magnetic, and gravity surveys. This was followed up with stripping and trenching of the outcropping deposit area. Ground TEM, magnetic, ground IP/Resistivity and VLF-EM surveys were completed over and adjacent to the main deposit area.
Between 1996 and 1998, Leader completed 315 diamond drill holes, outlining a broad zone of mineralization occurring at less than 100 meters depth (AF 63M-0006, Report 10). Late in 1998, Leader published a historical estimate for the deposit. Within the historical estimate, there is a higher grade near surface zone. (SMDI 0406).
In 1997, Leader International shipped a 2.4 tonne bulk sample of mineralized material excavated from the surface outcrop of the Knife Lake deposit to Lakefield Research Limited for metallurgical test-work. Lakefield concluded that the copper metallurgy was straightforward. Following a simple flowsheet, greater than 90% copper recovery was achieved at a concentrate grade of 28% Cu. Gold recovery in the copper concentrate was 80%. The cobalt recovery in the copper cleaner concentrate was 13%, with 28% of the cobalt present in cleaner tailing products. Another 48% of the cobalt was present in the sulphide concentrate.
A 357kV powerline has recently been completed to within 16 km of the Knife Lake Deposit area, greatly enhancing the project’s infrastructure.
The tables below summarize the sensitivity of the Knife Lake mineral resource estimate to cutoff grade, with the base case cutoff of 0.40% copper equivalent (CuEq) highlighted. The base case CuEq cutoff is equal to an NSR cutoff of approximately CDN $30/tonne and is based on processing costs of comparable deposits.
There are no known current environmental, permitting, legal, title, taxation, socio-economic, marketing, or political factors that could materially affect the mineral resource estimate. Factors that may affect the estimate are typical of any deposit and include; metal price assumptions, changes in interpretations of mineralization, metallurgical recovery assumptions, delays or other issues in reaching agreements with local or regulatory authorities and stakeholders, and changes in land tenure requirements or in permitting requirements.
Indicated Resource (effective date of June 12, 2019):
|CuEq (%)||(ktonnes)||CuEq (%)||Cu (%)||Ag (gpt)||Au (gpt)||Co (ppm)||Zn (ppm)||NSR ($CDN)||CuEq Mlbs||Cu - Mlbs||Ag - kOz||Au - Oz|
Inferred Resource (effective date of June 12, 2019):
|CuEq (%)||(ktonnes)||CuEq (%)||Cu (%)||Ag (gpt)||Au (gpt)||Co (ppm)||Zn (ppm)||NSR ($CDN)||CuEq Mlbs||Cu - Mlbs||Ag - kOz||Au - Oz|
The mineral resources have been estimated in conformity with generally accepted CIM “Estimation of Mineral Resource and Mineral Reserves Best Practices” guidelines (CIM, 2014) and are reported in accordance with the Canadian Securities Administrators’ National Instrument 43-101 (CSA, 2018). Mineral resources are not mineral reserves and do not have demonstrated economic viability. There is no certainty that all or any part of the mineral resource will be converted into mineral reserves. The NI 43-101 resource estimate has an effective date of June 12, 2019.
The resource for the Knife Lake deposit has been confined within an open pit shape to define “reasonable prospects of eventual economic extraction” using the following input parameters:
|Metal||Price USD $||Units||Recovery (%)||Payables (%)|
Interpolation for all metals has been done using 4 passes with anisotropic distances based on variography for 5 domains that have been created based on the mineralization. Ordinary kriging (OK) has been used as the final grades for all metals except Au which has final grades based on inverse distance squared (ID2) for better validation of the model. Outlier restriction of high grades for each metal and domain have been applied where deemed necessary based on cumulative probability plots (CPP) and percent of metal removed.
Interpolation parameters are summarized in the table below:
|Domain||Pass||Composites Restrictions||Anisotropic Search Distances (m)|
|Minimum #||Maximum #||Maximum/DH||Major||Minor||Vertical|
|1 - 4||1||5||8||2||50||25||10|
Qualified Assurance Program and Quality Control Measures (“QA/QC”)
Rockridge implemented QA/QC protocols including insertion of duplicate, blank, and standard samples in all 2019 drill holes. Check samples of 25 selected intervals from Leader Mining drilling in the 1990s were sent to ALS in North Vancouver, BC, Canada, for analysis. The historic samples were not consistently assayed for cobalt, lead and zinc so those comparisons are limited. Check assays returned acceptable results for all samples except one.
All lab internal standards and duplicates were within acceptable values. Core from Rockridge’s 2019 diamond drilling program was logged and sampled on site by staff of Terralogic Exploration Inc. Whole core was sawn in half and a total of 609 samples were sealed and shipped directly to ALS Environmental in Saskatoon for internal transportation to ALS Geochemistry in North Vancouver for analysis.
Analysis consisted of 48 element four acid ICP-MS (ME-MS61) and gold (Au) 30 g Fire Assay – AA finish (Au-AA23). Over limit analysis were completed using the following analyses: Ore Grade copper (Cu), nickel (Ni) and zinc (Zn) – four acid ICP-AES (ME-OG62). A total of 33 QAQC samples were inserted over 12 drill core sample shipments, including 18 standards and 15 blanks. Standards and blanks from 2019 returned acceptable values.
Below is a three-dimensional view of the Knife Lake block model illustrating the copper equivalent grade for the entire length of the deposit within Rockridge’s claims. The view is looking northwest with a grid size of 200m x 200m to indicate the scale.
Stephen Kenwood, P.Geo., an independent qualified person visited the Knife Lake Property on May 15, 2018, and March 22, 2019, and is responsible for the geology and QAQC.
Sue Bird, P.Eng., Principal of Moose Mountain Technical Services (MMTS) is the QP for the Resource estimate and has reviewed the QAQC for the deposit. Tracey Meintjes, P.Eng., Principal of MMTS is the QP for the metallurgy including the processing and recovery estimates.
Under the terms of the Agreement, Rockridge may acquire a 100% interest in the Knife Lake Project by making cash payments to Eagle Plains Resources totaling CDN $150,000, issue up to 5,250,000 common shares of Rockridge, and incur exploration expenditures of up to CDN $3,250,000, over a four year period as follows:
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